Peer-Reviewed research on the health and well-being of surgeons and physicians.
- Allocation of Physician Time in Ambulatory Practice: A Time and Motion Study in 4 Specialties. Christine Sinsky, MD; Lacey Colligan, MD; Ling Li, PhD; Mirela Prgomet, PhD; Sam Reynolds, MBA; Lindsey Goeders, MBA; Johanna Westbrook, PhD; Michael Tutty, PhD; George Blike, MD. Ann Intern Med. 2016;165(11):753-760.
- “Surgical Block Time Satisfaction: A Multi-Institutional Experience across Twelve Surgical Disciplines.” Yesantharao, Pooja, et al. Perioperative Care and Operating Room Management, vol. 21, Dec. 2020, p. 100128, 10.1016/j.pcorm.2020.100128.
- Relationship Between Clerical Burden and Characteristics of the Electronic Environment With Physician Burnout and Professional Satisfaction. Shanafelt TD, Dyrbye LN, Sinsky C3, Hasan O, Satele D, Sloan J4, West CP. Mayo Clin Proc. 2016 Jul;91(7):836-48. doi: 10.1016/j.mayocp.2016.05.007. Epub 2016 Jun 27.
- Changes in burnout and satisfaction with work-life balance in physicians and the general US working population between 2011 and 2014. Shanafelt, T.D., Hasan, O., Dyrbye, L.N. et al. Mayo Clin Proc. 2015; 90: 1600–1613.
- Changes in Burnout and Satisfaction With Work-Life Integration in Physicians and the General US Working Population Between 2011 and 2017. Shanafelt, Tait D. et al. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, Volume 0, Issue 0.
- Longitudinal study evaluating the association between physician burnout and changes in professional work effort. Shanafelt TD, et al. Mayo Clin Proc. 2016;91(4):422-431.
- Medical Error: The Second Victim. Wu, A. W. Western Journal of Medicine, vol. 172, no. 6, 1 June 2000, pp. 358–359, 10.1136/ewjm.172.6.358.
- Physician Burnout—A Leading Indicator of Health System Performance? Olson, Kristine D. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, Volume 92, Issue 11, 1608 – 1611.
- The Unmeasured Quality Metric: Burn out and the Second Victim Syndrome in Healthcare. Heiss, Kurt, and Matthew Clifton. Seminars in Pediatric Surgery, vol. 28, no. 3, June 2019, pp. 189–194, 10.1053/j.sempedsurg.2019.04.011.
Low, Zhi Xuan, et al. “Prevalence of Burnout in Medical and Surgical Residents: A Meta-Analysis.” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 16, no. 9, 1 May 2019, www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6539366/, 10.3390/ijerph16091479. Accessed 4 Jan. 2021.
Dyrbye, Liselotte N., et al. “Professional Coaching and Surgeon Well-Being. A Randomized Controlled Trial.” Annals of Surgery, vol. Publish Ahead of Print, 24 Aug. 2022, 10.1097/sla.0000000000005678.
A national qualitative study of surgical coaching: Opportunities and barriers for colorectal surgeons. Surgery. Rivard SJ, Varlamos C, Hibbard CE, et al. 2022;172(2):546-551. doi:10.1016/j.surg.2022.03.015
Effect of a Professional Coaching Intervention on the Well-being and Distress of Physicians: A Pilot Randomized Clinical Trial. Dyrbye LN, Shanafelt TD, Gill PR, Satele DV, West CP. JAMA Intern Med. Published online August 05, 2019. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2019.2425
- Implementation of a Coaching Program by a National Surgical Association. Stein SL, Chu JT, Merrill A, et al. Journal of Surgical Education. Published online August 2022. doi:10.1016/j.jsurg.2022.07.001
- “The Neuroscience of Coaching.” Boyatzis, Richard E., and Anthony I. Jack. Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, vol. 70, no. 1, Mar. 2018, pp. 11–27, https://doi.org/10.1037/cpb0000095.
- Physician Burnout: Coaching a Way Out. Gazelle G, Liebschutz JM, Riess H. Journal of General Internal Medicine. 2014;30(4):508-513. doi:10.1007/s11606-014-3144-y
- Surgeon Coaching: Why and How. Smith JM. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics. 2020;40(p S33-S37):S33. doi:10.1097/BPO.0000000000001541
- Surgical Coaching for Individual Performance Improvement. Greenberg CC, Ghousseini HN, Pavuluri Quamme SR, Beasley HL, Wiegmann DA. Annals of Surgery. 2015;261(1):32-34. doi:10.1097/sla.0000000000000776
- Physician Coaching to Enhance Well-being: A Qualitative Analysis of a Pilot Intervention. Schneider S, Kingsolver K, Rosdahl J. EXPLORE. 2014;10(6):372-379. doi:10.1016/j.explore.2014.08.007
- The Role of Deliberate Practice in the Acquisition of Expert Performance. Ericsson, Karl & Krampe, Ralf & Tesch-Roemer, Clemens. Psychological Review 1993, Vol. 100. No. 3, 363-406
- Transition Planning for the Senior Surgeon: Guidance and Recommendations From the Society of Surgical Chairs. Rosengart TK, Doherty G, Higgins R, Kibbe MR, Mosenthal AC. JAMA Surg. Published online May 15, 2019.
Georganta, Katerina, et al. “Talking behind Their Backs: Negative Gossip and Burnout in Hospitals.” Burnout Research, vol. 1, no. 2, Sept. 2014, pp. 76–81, 10.1016/j.burn.2014.07.003.
- Compassion Fatigue in Surgical Trainees.” Seemann, Natashia M., et al. Journal of Surgical Education, vol. 76, no. 5, Sept. 2019, pp. 1211–1222, 10.1016/j.jsurg.2019.03.012. Accessed 20 July 2020.
- Perez-Bret, Encarnación, et al. “Definition of Compassion in Healthcare: A Systematic Literature Review.” International Journal of Palliative Nursing, vol. 22, no. 12, 2 Dec. 2016, pp. 599–606, 10.12968/ijpn.2016.22.12.599.
Singer, Tania, and Olga M. Klimecki. “Empathy and Compassion.” Current Biology, vol. 24, no. 18, Sept. 2014, pp. R875–R878, www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960982214007702, 10.1016/j.cub.2014.06.054. Accessed 4 Sept. 2019.
- Hall, William J., et al. “Implicit Racial/Ethnic Bias among Health Care Professionals and Its Influence on Health Care Outcomes: A Systematic Review.” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 105, no. 12, Dec. 2015, pp. 2588–2588, 10.2105/ajph.2015.302903a. Accessed 2 Nov. 2019.
- Hansen, Matt, et al. “Implicit Gender Bias among US Resident Physicians.” BMC Medical Education, vol. 19, no. 1, 29 Oct. 2019, 10.1186/s12909-019-1818-1. Accessed 3 Aug. 2020.
Phillips, Nicole A., et al. “Understanding and Overcoming Implicit Gender Bias in Plastic Surgery.” Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, vol. 138, no. 5, Nov. 2016, pp. 1111–1116, 10.1097/prs.0000000000002668. Accessed 21 Feb. 2020.
Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Disorders among Orthopedic Trauma Surgeons: An OTA Survey. AlQahtani, Saad M., et al. Canadian Journal of Surgery, vol. 59, no. 1, 1 Feb. 2016, pp. 42–47, 10.1503/cjs.014415. Accessed 3 Jan. 2020.
Musculoskeletal Disorders among Orthopedic Pediatric Surgeons: An Overlooked Entity. Alzahrani, Mohammad M., et al. Journal of Children’s Orthopaedics, vol. 10, no. 5, Oct. 2016, pp. 461–466, 10.1007/s11832-016-0767-z. Accessed 3 Jan. 2020.
Musculoskeletal Occupational Injury among Surgeons: Effects for Patients, Providers, and Institutions. Davis, William T., et al. Journal of Surgical Research, vol. 189, no. 2, June 2014, pp. 207-212.e6, 10.1016/j.jss.2014.03.013. Accessed 3 Jan. 2020.
Occupational Injury Among Orthopaedic Surgeons. Davis, William T, et al. The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery-American Volume, vol. 95, no. 15, Aug. 2013, pp. e107-1–6, 10.2106/jbjs.l.01427. Accessed 3 Jan. 2020.
Physical Pain and Musculoskeletal Discomfort in Vascular Surgeons. Wohlauer, M., et al. Journal of Vascular Surgery, Sept. 2020, 10.1016/j.jvs.2020.07.097. Accessed 10 Sept. 2020.
Prevalence of Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders Among Surgeons and Interventionalists. Epstein, Sherise, et al. JAMA Surgery, vol. 153, no. 2, 21 Feb. 2018, p. e174947, jamanetwork.com/journals/jamasurgery/fullarticle/2666200, 10.1001/jamasurg.2017.4947. Accessed 1 Dec. 2019.
Ergonomics in the Operating Room. Janki, Shiromani, et al. Surgical Endoscopy, vol. 31, no. 6, 17 Oct. 2016, pp. 2457–2466, 10.1007/s00464-016-5247-5. Accessed 3 Jan. 2020.
Intraoperative ‘Micro Breaks’ With Targeted Stretching Enhance Surgeon Physical Function and Mental Focus. Park, Adrian E., et al. Annals of Surgery, vol. 265, no. 2, Feb. 2017, pp. 340–346, 10.1097/sla.0000000000001665. Accessed 2 Jan. 2020.
Surgeon Symptoms, Strain, and Selections: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Surgical Ergonomics. Stucky, Chee-Chee H., et al. Annals of Medicine and Surgery, vol. 27, no. 27, Mar. 2018, pp. 1–8, www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2049080118300049, 10.1016/j.amsu.2017.12.013. Accessed 3 Jan. 2020.
- Beyond the Economics of Burnout. Ellison EM. Ann Intern Med. doi: 10.7326/M19-1191
- Estimating the Attributable Cost of Physician Burnout in the United States. Han S, Shanafelt TD, Sinsky CA, Awad KM, Dyrbye LN, Fiscus LC, et al. Ann Intern Med. doi: 10.7326/M18-1422
- The Triple Aim: Care, Health, And Cost. Donald M. Berwick, Thomas W. Nolan, and John Whittington, Health Affairs 2008. 27:3, 759-769
- Hu, Yue-Yung. “Physicians’ Needs in Coping with Emotional Stressors.” Archives of Surgery, vol. 147, no. 3, 1 Mar. 2012, p. 212, 10.1001/archsurg.2011.312. Accessed 15 Feb. 2020.
- Zambrano, Sofia C., et al. “How Do Surgeons Experience and Cope with the Death and Dying of Their Patients? A Qualitative Study in the Context of Life-Limiting Illnesses.” World Journal of Surgery, vol. 37, no. 5, 16 Feb. 2013, pp. 935–944, 10.1007/s00268-013-1948-2. Accessed 10 Apr. 2020.
- Impact of Organizational Leadership on Physician Burnout and Satisfaction. Shanafelt, Tait D. et al. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, Volume 90, Issue 4, 432 – 440.
- Lebares, Carter C., et al. “Efficacy of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Training in Surgery.” JAMA Network Open, vol. 2, no. 5, 24 May 2019, p. e194108, 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.4108. Accessed 22 Sept. 2020.
- “Feasibility of Formal Mindfulness-Based Stress-Resilience Training among Surgery Interns.” JAMA Surgery, vol. 153, no. 10, 17 Oct. 2018, p. e182734, jamanetwork.com/journals/jamasurgery/fullarticle/2697210, 10.1001/jamasurg.2018.2734. Accessed 23 May 2019.
Stephen, Antonia E., and Darshan H. Mehta. “Mindfulness in Surgery.” American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, vol. 13, no. 6, 16 Sept. 2019, pp. 552–555, 10.1177/1559827619870474. Accessed 22 Sept. 2020.
- Potential Consequences of Patient Complications for Surgeon Well-being: A Systematic Review. Srinivasa S, Gurney J, Koea J. JAMA Surg. 2019;154(5):451–457.
- Does caring for trauma patients lead to psychological stress in surgeons? Warren AM1, Jones AL, Shafi S, Roden-Foreman K, Bennett MM, Foreman ML. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2013 Jul;75(1):179-84.
- Wai, Philip Y., et al. “Engagement, Workplace Satisfaction, and Retention of Surgical Specialists in Academic Medicine in the United States.” Journal of the American College of Surgeons, vol. 219, no. 1, July 2014, pp. 31–42, 10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2014.03.027. Accessed 24 Mar. 2021.
Yesantharao, Pooja, et al. “Surgical Block Time Satisfaction: A Multi-Institutional Experience across Twelve Surgical Disciplines.” Perioperative Care and Operating Room Management, vol. 21, Dec. 2020, p. 100128, 10.1016/j.pcorm.2020.100128. Accessed 10 Sept. 2020.
- West, Colin P., et al. “Resilience and Burnout among Physicians and the General US Working Population.” JAMA Network Open, vol. 3, no. 7, 1 July 2020, pp. e209385–e209385, jamanetwork.com/journals/jamanetworkopen/fullarticle/2767829, 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.9385. Accessed 14 July 2020.
- Heiss, Kurt, and Matthew Clifton. “The Unmeasured Quality Metric: Burn out and the Second Victim Syndrome in Healthcare.” Seminars in Pediatric Surgery, vol. 28, no. 3, June 2019, pp. 189–194, 10.1053/j.sempedsurg.2019.04.011. Accessed 24 July 2020.
- Scott, S D, et al. “The Natural History of Recovery for the Healthcare Provider ‘Second Victim’ after Adverse Patient Events.” Quality and Safety in Health Care, vol. 18, no. 5, 1 Oct. 2009, pp. 325–330, 10.1136/qshc.2009.032870.
Wu, A. W. “Medical Error: The Second Victim.” Western Journal of Medicine, vol. 172, no. 6, 1 June 2000, pp. 358–359, 10.1136/ewjm.172.6.358. Accessed 11 June 2019.
- Mental readiness in surgeons and its links to performance excellence in surgery. McDonald J, Orlick T, Letts M. J Pediatr Orthop. 1995 Sep-Oct;15(5):691-7.
- Relationship between Clerical Burden and Characteristics of the Electronic Environment with Physician Burnout and Professional Satisfaction. Shanafelt, T.D., Dyrbye, L.N., Sinsky, C. et al, Mayo Clinic Proceedings, Volume 91, Issue 7, 836 – 848.
- A Facilitated-Group Approach to Wellness in Surgical Residency. Mueller CM, Buckle M, Post L. JAMA Surg.2018;153(11):1043–1044.